Understanding What "Open Access" Means
We are seeing the beginning of a new, very different publishing model for 21st century scholarship: Open Access. The following is the beginnings of a list of open access resources available for students, staff and faculty here at the University.
The term Repositories in this sense refer to many different online tools and modes for collecting and accessing data. Some of the repositories highlighted below are as follows:
Archives: A collection of public historical records, documents, and data.
Databases: A site that stores and organizes data to make it accessible to the user.( I.e. you are searching within that specific site’s collection rather than broadly across the internet)
Forums: An online location where an individual can post digital content, and engage in discussion about said content with the online community.
Megasites: Similar to a search engine, in that it allows for more refined yet broadly sourced resources (i.e. searching across site hosted in many different countries)
Search Engines: A site that uses keywords in its query in order to find information located on other sites.
How Does Open Access Impact Your Research?
This recent push for open access sources holds several important implications for the future of academia. There have been increased requirements from funding agencies which ask potential grantees to specify how their data will be preserved, and potentially used in future research. For example: the NSF Archaeology Program DDRIG requires a “Data Management Plan” among the submitted documents.
Researchers now have a number of open access options at their disposal (such as the ones we list below), yet even with this robust list, there are many materials that can only be accessed through purchase or subscription. This has been termed as the “paywall” and very often can restrict access to sources. Paywalls pose a threat to individual researchers and those associated with institutions, since they can also restrict access based on the country from which the source derives.
By embracing the direction Open Access data storage and sharing is taking us, we can overcome the obstacles of limited accessibility, and even data degradation over time.
Forums and Megasites
Publication Based Sites
Embracing Digital Material in All Medias
The sources that have been mentioned thus far focus on documents and written records, yet in so many disciplines data comes in multiple forms. Below are two resources that house video, audio, images, as well as 3d models and are open access