Finding the Evidence

Getting Started with your research​ 

  1. Nicole's lecture slides from 9/12/2019
  2. Using PICO to frame your research topic : the PICO model can help you identify the key components in your research topic and for a searchable question

P - Patient or Population or Problem/Disease

Who or what is the question about? This may include the primary problem, disease, or circumstances. 

I - Intervention, Exposure or Prognostic Factor

What main intervention/treatment are you considering? What factor may influence the prognosis of the patient? What was the patient exposed to?

C - Comparison(s) or Control (optional)

What alternative intervention are you considering, if any? For example, you might be comparing the efficacy of two medications or the accuracy of two diagnostic tests. Your clinical question does not have to always have a specific comparison.

O - Outcome(s)

What are you trying to accomplish or measure? What are you trying to do for the patient or problem? 

  1. Finding the evidence
    • Primary sources, such as PubMed, are the best place to start to find original studies (evidence) to answer your question
    • Secondary sources, such as review articles or Micromedex, offer supporting or background information that can either answer your question or further support your clinical question

 

Searching PubMed for Dental Topics (4:08 min)

This video will show you how to search PubMed with a dental example.

Other Sources to Consider

ADA Center for Evidence-Based Dentistry

A database supported by the ADA of systematic reviews, many with clinical analysis and plain language summaries.

Organizing Your Citations

As you search the journal literature online, you will need to collect/organize your references. The easiest way to do this is to use a citation management software, such as Mendeley or EndNote. Benefits to using these are:

  • Stores citation information online
  • Creates bibliography section of the review with a few mouse clicks
  • Saves time

Mendeley

Mendeley is a freely available citation manager that helps you manage your PDF collections. 

 

EndNote Desktop

EndNote is a client-based citation manager that you can purchase with an academic discount from the University Bookstore

Learn more about EndNote Desktop including how to connect EndNote to FindIt so you can import PDFs from the Libraries' collections.

 

Last Updated: Jun 24, 2020 10:46 AM