ICP 3101W

Tutorial: Academic Integrity: What is a scholar?

Tutorial: Academic Integrity: The rules of the scholarly conversation

Recognize the importance of attribution and citation when you use the ideas or works of others in your papers or projects.

Tutorial: Academic Integrity: The scholarly conversation

Understanding how scholarly conversations occur is important for participating in scholarship. Join the conversation!

Getting started - planning and finding background info on topic

Finding Background Information

These online sources can help you to choose and refine your topic. They will also provide you with the background information and keywords and search terms. 

Tutorial: Exploring a scholarly research article

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:
  • Identify the components, or sections, common to scholarly research articles
  • Recognize the importance of the information within each section

Find articles from academic journals

Find newspapers and magazines

Tutorial: What is a library database and why should I use one?

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:
  • Identify what a library database is
  • Recognize the two main types of library databases
  • Know why you should use them
  • Understand why searching a library database is different than searching the general internet

Tutorial: Choosing a research paper topic

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:
  • Find ideas and language on a topic using online tools and techniques
  • Use techniques like mind mapping, the 5W’s, and freeform writing to narrow a large topic

Tutorial: Creating an effective search strategy

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:
  • Use meaningful keywords to find the best sources
  • Apply search strategies like AND and OR to connect keywords

Tutorial: What does it mean to be a scholarly source?

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:
  • Recognize a scholarly (versus a popular) source
  • Understand how a scholarly source differs from other types of sources

Citing your sources (e.g. MLA, APA, etc.)

Many article databases (e.g. Academic Search Premier, Google Scholar) will create a citation for you. After you found the item, look for "cite" or "quotes." Here are examples:

In Google Scholar:

Click the "quote" below the item in Google Scholar.

In Academic Search Premier: 

Click cite in Academic Search Premier.


Tutorial: Evaluating sources

After completing this tutorial, you will be able to:

  • Recognize how evaluating sources is an important part of the research process
  • Use evaluation techniques like timeliness and authority to find good sources
  • Use clues from library databases, abstracts, and articles to evaluate a source

Evaluating Web Resources

When searching for information on the Internet, it is important to be aware of the quality of the information being presented to you. Keep in mind that anyone can host a web site. To be sure that the information you are looking at is credible and of value keep the following criteria in mind:


1. Authority/Source
Is it clear who is responsible for the contents of the page? Try to find out who are the authors of the Web page. Is it an organization, society, governmental site? Is it sponsored by an educational institution or is it someone's personal site? Or, is it a commercial site where someone is selling something? Do the authors of the site have any qualifications to go with the information they are presenting? Does the site present any other way of contacting the site authors -- postal address, phone numbers?


2. Accuracy
Are the sources for any factual information listed so that you can verify them in another source? How well put together is the site -- does it have spelling errors, typos, etc.? Are any charts, diagrams, statistical information clearly labeled as to where the data source came from?


3. Objectivity/Content
Is this information being provided as part of a public service? How much, if any, advertising is there on the page? Is the advertising content clearly separate from the informational content? Does the author of the page state any bias for producing the page, such as an advocacy for a particular point of view or program?


4. Currency/Timeliness
When was the last time the page itself was updated? Are there any indications on how often the informational content is updated?


5. Structure/Access
How well designed or user-friendly is the site? If it contains images, are they useful, load quickly or merely take up space. Can it be viewed as text-only? Does it contain a “search the site” function?



  • .org = non-profit organization
  • .edu = us educational institution
  • .info = commercial
  • .tv = television
  • .gov = US government
  • .mil = US military
  • .biz = business
  • .museum = museums
  • .com = commercial site
  • .net = network resources
  • .name = personal sites
Last Updated: Aug 16, 2023 9:47 AM