Terms & Concepts
The list or terms is not complete. And as these terms reflects very recent history and ongoing events, the terms, definitions, and interpretations, are changing. But this list will give you a basic understanding and a good start to find more information.
Annexation of Crimea -- Crimea is a peninunsula on the Black Sea which Russia annexed from Ukraine in March 2014.
Donbas / Donets Basin -- region of southeastern Ukraine made up of the provinces Donesk and Luhansk. Pro-Russian separatists took control of parts of the Donbas region in 2014.
Euromaidan / Maidan Revolution / Revolution of Dignity -- demonstrations and civil unrest in Ukraine which began in late 2013 and continued in 2014. These came about from the Ukrainian government's decision to suspend the signing of an agreement with the European Union. It ended with the ouster of Ukrainian President Viktor Yanukovych and overthrowing of the Ukrainian government.
Former Soviet Union / Former Soviet Republics
Kyiv / Kiev -- capital of Ukraine
Orange Revolution -- refers to protests and political events that took place in Ukraine from late 2004 to early 2005, in the immediate aftermath of the run-off vote of the 2004 Ukrainian presidential election. This election was claimed to be marred by corruption, voter intimidation and electoral fraud. The Ukainian Supreme Court annulled it and ordered a new election.
Ukraine Conflict / Russo-Ukrainian War -- refers to the ongoing armed conflict involving Russia, pro-Russian Ukrainian separatists, and Belarus on one side with Ukraine on the other. It began in 2014 with the annexation of Crimea and war in Donbas region and now continues with the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.
Volodymyr Zelensky (President of Ukraine, 2019-present)
Vladimir Putin (President of Russia, 1999-2008, 2012-present)