HIST 3244: History of Eastern Europe

Use this to assist you with completing your assignments for HIST 3244: History of Eastern Europe

Background Information and Reference

Primary Sources

What are primary sources?

They are sources which provide first-hand testimony or direct evidence concerning a topic under investigation. They present original thinking, report a discovery, or share new information.

They are created by witnesses or recorders who experienced the events or conditions being documented. They are from the time period involved and have not been filtered through subsequent interpretation or evaluation.

Examples: autobiographies, letters, diaries, musical scores, works of art, speeches, recordings, photographs, articles in newspapers that describe events.

Finding Primary Sources in the UMN Libraries Catalog:

Using the UMN Libraries Catalog, enter as a SUBJECT search the name of the individual, group, or term for the topic, plus a term of what you're looking for, such as "Speeches", "Correspondence", "Diaries", "Personal Narratives", and "Sources".  The term "Sources" refers to a collection of primary source materials.  Here are some examples: 

Scholarly Articles

Click "view online," "PDF," or the  button to connect to the full text if we have it. The   will also indicate whether a print copy is held in the Libraries. If not available, request the item via Interlibrary Loan

Useful Books on Eastern Europe

Tips for Using Libraries Search and Catalog

Libraries Search will search many article databases, the UMN Library Catalog and other resources. But it doesn't search everything. You may want to search subject specific article databases to find more articles and for more search options. . 

The UMN Library Catalog searches books, journals, DVDs, other formats but NOT articles. 

You don't need to input diacritics or worry about capitalization. Searching "dubcek" will bring up "Dubček."

To limit by language, format, or subject, use the limits on the right after performing a search in Libraries Search

One of the most effective ways to search for items on a country, city, or region is to do a subject browse search. Input the geographic place name and browse through the list of subtopics. 

Besides searching "Europe, Eastern," you may want to search under specific countries, cities, or regions. 

You can also perform a subject browse for a topic or group related to a particular country or place. Search under the group or topic and then the place name (e.g. "women  poland"). 

Citing your sources (e.g. MLA, APA, etc.)

Many article databases (e.g. Academic Search Premier, Google Scholar) will create a citation for you. After you found the item, look for "cite" or "quotes." Here are examples:

In Google Scholar:

Click the "quote" below the item in Google Scholar.

In Academic Search Premier: 

Click cite in Academic Search Premier.


Learn more about on annotated bibliographies 

Annotated Bibliography from UW-Madison

An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources, each of which is followed by a brief note or “annotation.”

Last Updated: Apr 2, 2024 2:00 PM