Writing Guides, Style Manuals and the Publication Process in the Health Sciences

Style manuals, citation guides

Checklists and Other Tools

CONSORT: Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials

[Note: the CONSORT webpage is currently undergoing revision]

The main product of CONSORT is the CONSORT Statement, which is an evidence-based, minimum set of recommendations for reporting randomized trials. It offers a standard way for authors to prepare reports of trial findings, facilitating their complete and transparent reporting, and aiding their critical appraisal and interpretation.

The CONSORT Statement comprises a 25-item checklist and a flow diagram. The checklist items focus on reporting how the trial was designed, analyzed, and interpreted; the flow diagram displays the progress of all participants through the trial. The CONSORT "Explanation and Elaboration" document explains and illustrates the principles underlying the CONSORT Statement. We strongly recommend that it is used in conjunction with the CONSORT Statement. In addition, extensions of the CONSORT Statement have been developed to give additional guidance for RCTs with specific designs, data and interventions.

SAMPL Guidelines for Statistics Reports

The SAMPL guidelines are a useful succinct tool for authors of biomedical research papers, journal editors and peer reviewers and provide guiding principles for reporting statistical methods and results. SAMPL stands for Statistical Analyses and Methods in the Published Literature.

Last Updated: Jan 27, 2024 9:18 AM