Writing Guides, Style Manuals and the Publication Process in the Health Sciences

Style manuals, citation guides

Style Manuals / Citation Guides

ACS Style (American Chemical Society)

AMA Style (American Medical Association)

APA Style (American Psychological Association)

  • Books (access to current U of M students, staff and faculty)
    • Concise rules of APA style

      1. Concise and bias-free writing -- 2. Punctuation, spelling, and capitalization -- 3. Italicizing and abbreviating -- 4. Numbers, metrication, and statistics -- 5. Tables -- 6. Figures -- 7. Footnotes and appendixes -- 8. Quotations, reference citations in text, and reference list -- 9. Reference examples.

    • Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
      • The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (7th edition) is the style manual of choice for writers, editors, students, educators, and professionals in psychology, sociology, business, economics, nursing, social work, and justice administration.
    • Writing with style: APA style made easy
      • Introduction: the laypeople and you -- Some generalizations about how psychologists write -- Preparing the introduction section and the literature review paper -- Preparing the method section -- Preparing the results section -- Preparing the discussion section -- Preparing the abstract -- Preparing the references section -- Preparing a title page and formatting your manuscript -- Grooming tips for psychology papers -- Preparing a presentation -- Wrapping it up.
  • Internet resources

CSE Style (Council of Science Editors)

Harvard Style

NLM Style (National Library of Medicine) Also Know as "Vancouver Style"

  • Internet resources
    • Citing Medicine: the NLM Style Guide for Authors, Editors, and Publishers.
      • Patrias K. Citing medicine: the NLM style guide for authors, editors, and publishers [Internet]. 2nd ed. Wendling DL, technical editor. Bethesda (MD): National Library of Medicine (US); 2007 - [updated 2011 Sep 15]

        "Citing Medicine gives information on constructing citations at three levels:

        1. Diagrammed Citation - Many people need to format a non-complex citation and want to know how to format a citation, without learning why it should be structured that way. The picture of the sample citation and the broad guidelines (what we're calling the Introduction) will be enough for many people in this group.
        2. General Rules and Examples - A smaller number of people will need to view the General Rules and Examples sections to get more information. They either will have a specific problem to solve or their work requires them to build a general knowledge of citation that they can later apply to specific cases. For this group we lay out why citations are structured the way they are and show them what types of citations exist (Examples) and what special, difficult cases they may encounter (Specific Rules).
        3. Specific Rules - A yet smaller number of people will need to enter the Specific Rules section to solve a specific problem, such as handling non-English citations.
    • Citing and Referencing: Vancouver
      • Monash University Library
    • ICMJE: Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations)
      • The ICMJE has revised the Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts (URMs). To better reflect its current content and purpose the document has been renamed, Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals (ICMJE Recommendations). Web-based version
    • Samples of Formatted References for Authors of Journal Articles
      • The recommended style for references is based on the National Information Standards Organization NISO Z39.29-2005 (R2010) Bibliographic References as adapted by the National Library of Medicine for its databases.
        Details, including fuller citations and explanations, are in Citing Medicine. (Note Appendix F which covers how citations in MEDLINE/PubMed differ from the advice in Citing Medicine.) For datasets and software on the Internet, simplified formats are also shown
    • Vancouver Citation Style (based on Citing Medicine)
      • University of Western Australia.

        A guide to using the Vancouver citation style for in text citations and reference lists.

Citation Tool

Zotero Style Repository

Here you can find Citation Style Language 1.0.2 citation styles for use with Zotero.  Use the Style Search box to find the style you want, then mouse over the style (and version) to see examples of in-text and bibliographical references.

Last Updated: Jan 27, 2024 9:18 AM