Why do I need to cite a source?
Citations indicate which ideas are taken from others and from whom those ideas were taken; in other words, they give credit where credit is due. Citations allow researchers to find, read and comment on each others' sources.
What are Citations? from the University of Minnesota Libraries
If you use, quote, paraphrase, summarize, or otherwise refer to the work of others, you need to cite the source of that information. This will allow the reader to locate the work (e.g. article, book, website, image, film, etc.) to which you are referring and help you avoid plagiarism.
Citation tools and database features
- Many databases (like Academic Search Premier, search on library homepage, Google Scholar) offer the option of creating your references in common style. Look for this as you save, e-mail or print your references. (Learn more).
- Tools including Mendeley, Zotero, and EndNote help you to save and organize your PDFs and references, create bibliographies, and create in-text citation with word-processing software (like Microsoft Word or Google docs) in hundreds of styles.
Free citation generators
Create one citation at a time using these sites:
Online guides to common styles
- Citation Resources (APA, MLA, Chicago) from Purdue University's Online Writing Lab
- Documentation quicktips (APA, MLA, Chicago, CSE) from Center for Writing at the University of Minnesota
- Citation Styles for Research Papers (APA, MLA, Turabian, Chicago, AMA) from Long Island University
- Images: Images Citing guide from the University of Washington
- How do I cite a YouTube or online video? from Berkeley College
- Music Citation Guide (Chicago Style) from the University of Minnesota Libraries - in addition to music materials like recordings and scores, this guide includes templates and examples for footnotes and bibliography entries for books, articles, dissertations/theses, streaming video, and websites/social media!
Additional styles (ACS, IEEE, ASA, etc.) are available from Concordia University Libraries
What is an annotated bibliography?
An annotated bibliography, in addition to all of the citation information for a source, also includes descriptive and critical information about the source. The purpose of the annotation is to inform the reader of the relevance and quality of the sources.
Print and online style manuals
- MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (LB2369 .G53) Find in ULibraries
- Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (BF76.7 .P83) Find in ULibraries
- Scientific Style and Format: The CSE Manual for Authors, Editors, and Publishers (T11 .S386) Find in ULibraries
- The Chicago Manual of Style
- A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations: Chicago style for Students and Researchers (Turabian) (LB2369 .T8) Find in ULibraries
- The ACS Style Guide: Effective Communication of Scientific Information